Hvad ved du egentlig om Schweiz?

Biblioteket giver adgang til mange forskellige ressourcer, hvor du kan blive klogere på det smukke bjergrige land.

Schweiz blev dannet i 1291 af en alliance af kantoner mod Habsburg-dynastiet - Confoederatio Helvetica eller Schweiziske Forbund, hvorfra forkortelsen CH for Schweiz stammer. Det var dog først i 1848 at den nuværende nation blev dannet, da en ny forfatning blev vedtaget. Arealmæssigt er Schweiz på størrelse med Danmark, men har omkring 8.4 millioner indbyggere.

Der er fire officielle sprog: schweizertysk, fransk, italiensk og rætoromansk. Den storslåede natur i Alperne har gjort turismen til et hovederhverv. Navnlig tekniske produkter fra Schweiz er berømte for deres høje kvalitet, og landet er desuden kendt for sin bankhemmelighed og neutralitet.

 

Vidste du det?
Ca. halvdelen af de ure der bliver produceret i verden, bliver fremstillet i Schweiz.

I Schweiz er der 208 bjerge over 3.000 meters højde, hvoraf 24 er over 4.000 meter. Det højeste bjerg er Monte Rosa (Dufoursptiz) på 4.634 meter, beliggende på den schweiziske/italienske grænse. Mest berømt er Matterhorn, som med sine 4.478 meter er et karakteristisk og smukt landmærke i de schweiziske alper, og efter sigende det mest fotograferede bjerg i verden.

Røde Kors blev grundlagt i 1863 i Genève, hvor hovedkvarteret stadig er i dag. Røde Kors' flag er de omvendte farver af Schweiz' nationalflag, som er det ene af kun to kvadratiske flag i verden.

 

Silja og Jana from Switzerland

Silja og Jana are trainees at Aalborg Public Library. We have asked them to recommend their favorite books from Swiss authors.



Nyttige links



The Swiss political system

Switzerland has no king and no monarchy. The government consists of the seven members of the Federal Council who function as the executive authority.
Every one of the seven members is responsible for one ministery and represent the country at home and abroad. The legislative authority is composed of the House of Representatives (big chamber, 200 members) and the Senate (small chamber, 46 members).
They got elected from the Swiss citizens every four years. Also every four years, the two chambers elect the members of the Federal Council. Once elected, a Federal Council can be a member as long as she/he wants to and got re-elected.
The longest mandate of a Federal Council lasted for 32 years.

The Swiss citizens have a big influence on the Swiss Constitution.
Four times a year, they have the possibility to change it by launching a citizens' initiative. To put a citizens´initiative to the vote, the initiatives´comitee has to collect 100´000 signatures of Swiss citizens within 18 months.

The entire process from the wording of the initiatives´text til the voting takes approximately 5 - 6 years. Often the initiatives get rejected on the ballot box because they are mostly very complex, what makes people sceptical about it. To make matters worse, Swiss citizens are basically content and not that willing to make big changes. Nonetheless, the evident pro of this system is, that every single vote matters to the result of a voting. Every personal opinion get its voice.

In case of any disagreements with a desicion made by the parlament concerning any Swiss law, there is the possibility to launch a Referendum against it. For that, the launchers have to collect 50´000 signatures within 100 days.

Resulting, the Swiss citizens are able to change up to 16 laws or articles in the Swiss Constitution in a year. This big influence in a national government is unique.

Here you find some helpful links about Swiss democracy:
•   Swiss political system

•   Switzerland's direct democracy

Sådan er det politiske system organiseret (pdf)